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Improving lives by solving problems in agriculture and the environment

Integrated crop management

Integrated crop management

Integrated crop management (ICM) is a holistic approach to sustainable agriculture. It considers the situation across the whole farm, including socio-economic and environmental factors, to deliver the most suitable and safe approach for long-term benefit. This means carefully considering site selection, soil management, seed & planting material, crop rotation, crop nutrition, pest management, water management and landscape management that fit the local conditions and climate. ICM is not rigidly-defined. It is a dynamic system that adapts to changing conditions by combining local knowledge with new research and technologies. We often work where resources for production are limited, and in these situations the best solution is often to focus on optimising existing resources. In such a way, ICM delivers sustainable agricultural production that safeguards a farm’s natural assets and surrounding community, now and in the future.

Find out more about ICM and CABI’s work - watch the video below:

ICM Diagrams

The ICM team uses a multi-stakeholder approach to work with local partners at all levels- from governments to farming households. Together, we promote the every-day use of ICM as a long-term strategy to improve agricultural production, farmer livelihoods and food security. We work through steps of participatory development, validation, implementation and finally dissemination of economically-viable ICM solutions. Through continuous exchange of knowledge with our local partners and experts from other CABI centres around the world, we ensure that ICM conceptual frameworks are developed according to local needs. Building capacity of local partners to monitor and evaluate their work empowers them to adapt their approaches when needs change.

ICM Diagram 

The ICM programme at CABI’s centre in Switzerland has a global reach spanning various developing, transitional and developed countries across Asia, Africa, Latin America and Europe. We have a growing number of diverse international partners with whom we collaborate, design and implement projects. We also link closely with CABI colleagues from other regions, and connect to global information resources, such as the Plantwise Knowledge Bank and the CABI Crop Protection Compendium. As we grow, our focus and passion remains centred on providing technical support and expertise to improve agricultural practices.

Workshop to develop Green and Yellow Lists, tools for organizing and implementing pest management options 

Please visit our project pages listed below for further details about our past and current project work.

The ICM team at CABI is based in Switzerland and has been active since 2000. It initially consisted of just two people implementing a project on cabbage production in DPR Korea. Since then, our team has expanded to work on a broad range of projects all over the world.


Ulli Kuhlmann

Ulrich Kuhlmann

Head of Integrated crop management programme 

Inspecting cabbage in DPR Korea

Rational pesticide use training course jointly developed with the Department of Plant Protection of the Ministry of Agriculture in DPR Korea, and implemented across 8 pilot cooperative farms, with awareness of this topic created on a farm management level across the nation.

Farmer training on how to manage an Oriental tobacco seedbed according to IPM

17,000 farmers trained on best agricultural practices in tobacco production in Argentina and 10,000 farmers trained in Turkey.

Pheromone traps to study the population dynamics of Asian corn borer.jpg

24 Trichogramma production facilities established in DPR Korea, producing sufficient parasitoids (natural enemies) to combat the Asian corn borer across 16,800 ha of maize.

GIZ Crop Protection Baseline Study

Pests and diseases often limit how much smallholder famers can produce. They affect crops both pre and post-harvest by reducing their value or making them unsafe for human consumption. Farmers try to reduce losses through a range of techniques, some of which have human or environmental health impacts. This project aims to understand and report on... >>

Partnerships for improving fruit production in DPR Korea

Despite advances in agriculture in the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPR Korea), a shortage of fresh produce undermines the population’s nutritional status. Fruit is grown on large state farms and cooperative farms, but pests and diseases reduce yields and quality. CABI is working with key stakeholders in the fruit sector to develop best... >>

Increasing rice production around the Mekong

Rice is the most important crop in southwestern China, Laos and Myanmar. Despite recent improvements, productivity is still low with millions of tons lost to pests, diseases and weeds. Intensive pesticide use has led to insecticide resistance, outbreaks of secondary pests and damage to farmers’ health. This project is introducing a biologically... >>

Partnership with DPR Korea's Ministry of Agriculture

Agricultural production in DPR Korea is low, resulting in food shortages and the need for international aid. Ensuring food security is a priority for the government. We have helped the newly-established Department of Plant Protection to sustainably improve agricultural production by optimizing its ability to develop and implement plant protection... >>